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Wind Energy Potential in China
pink=good, blue=ok, yellow=poor (offshore & coastal potential not shown)
China's abundant inland and offshore wind energy resources
provide potential for large-capacity, in-grid wind farms. By estimates of China
Meteorology Research Institute the exploitable wind energy on the nationwide land
totals around 253 GW, and the offshore wind energy is about 750 GW. Both of them
add up to about 1000 GW. And the wind energy is widely distributed throughout
By the end of 2005, China had
built 59 wind farms with 1,854 wind turbine generators and a 1,266 megawatt in-grid
wind power installed capacity, ranking it number ten globally.
Today, wind power in
China is developing rapidly and receives particularly strong government support.
The new Renewable Energy Law and its detailed incentive policies reflect the Chinese
government's intention to build up this industry. By 2020, China plans to have
30 gigawatts of wind power.
Wind resource distribution in China
exploitable wind resources are very large, estimated at 250GW, mainly distributed
in two large wind belts: the Coastal wind belt; and the Northern wind belt from
Xinjiang via Gansu to the plateau of Inner Mongolia, of 10% which can be explored.
total exploitable wind resources add up to 1000 GW: 250 GW onshore, 750 GW offshore.
The richest wind resources are located along the eastern coast, the offshore islands
and in the northern, north-eastern and north-western.
Many areas have abundant
wind resources but little solar radiation in winter, and experience the reverse
situation in summer, suggesting the suitability of hybrid wind/PV systems. The
'Brightness Programme', focusing on poverty alleviation in the western provinces,
covers the installation of around 4 000 such hybrid systems. However, despite
the few operating costs for these systems, they remain too expensive for rural
residents and the ongoing programme will have to allocate considerable amounts
of subsidies to consumers.
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