China turns to clean biomass solution
for emission cuts
Dec 4, 2007 - Xinhua
China has launched eight biomass plants
in five leading grain-producing provinces to cut carbon
dioxide emissions in electricity generation amid growing
global concerns over greenhouse gas and climate change.
The plants, with a total installed capacity
of 200,000 kilowatts, are expected to burn 1.6 million
tons of stalks annually. They will generate 1.4 billion
kw hours of electricity, said Cui Mengshan, the manager
in charge of planning and business development at
the National Bio Energy Co., Ltd, a subsidiary of
the State Grid Corporation of China.
"Compared with coal-fired power plants,
these biomass projects are expected to cut carbon
dioxide emissions by 800,000 tons annually," he said.
China has been turning stalks into clean
energy since last December when the State Grid Corporation
launched the first biomass plant in the eastern Shandong
The project, which burns 200,000 tons
of stalks annually, has enabled local farmers to profit
out of what was traditionally waste.
Figures provided by the local government
said the biomass project had brought a total annual
income increase of 40 million yuan (5.33 million U.S.
dollars) for nearly 50,000 local families.
Similar projects have been launched
over the past year in four other grain-producing provinces,
including Hebei, Jiangsu, Henan and Heilongjiang.
China's installed capacity of bio-energy
electricity is forecast to reach 5.5 million kilowatts
by 2010, according to the country's 11th Five-Year
Plan 2006 to 2010.
"This means China's carbon dioxide emissions
will be reduced by 2,200 tons by then," Cui added.
China produces about 660 million tons
of stalks from its annual grain production, about
200 million tons of which can be used as clean energy.
The stalks were previously burned at the end of the
harvest, letting off pollutants that delayed air flights
and reduced highway visibility.