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South Korea

Chapter Contents
Geography 1.1

Geodynamics

1.1

Electricity

1.1

Geothermal Electricity Generation

1.1

Planned Capacity

 

Geothermal Potential

1.1

Considerations

World Heritage

1.1

National Parks and Reserves

1.1
Vulnerable/Endangered Ecoregions 1.3
Geographic Location of Ecoregions 1.3
Population Distribution 1.4
References 1.5

South Korea

GEOGRAPHY

  • Eastern Asia, southern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea
  • Geographic Coordinates: 37 00 N, 127 30 E
  • Area: total:  98,480 sq. km (land:  98,190 sq. km, water:  290 sq. km)

(CIA: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html)


GEODYNAMICS

  • Peninsula between Yellow Sea and Sea of Japan; continental crust

(Acadia University: http://ace.acadiau.ca/science/geol/rraeside/quizzes/world-notes.htm)


ELECTRICITY

  • Electric Generation Capacity (1/1/99E): 46.4 gigawatts
  • Electricity Generation (1999E): 250.3 billion kilowatthours

(EIA: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/skorea2.html)


GEOTHERMAL ELECTRICITY GENERATION & GEOTHERMAL POTENTIAL

  • Not utilized for electric power generation
  • Primary use for bathing facilities (Yum,2000)
    • 223 wells, 452 hot sprints with temperature in the range from 25 to 75C
    • 100 newer area with temperature ranging from 25-50C
  • Other usage:
    • Heating
    • Industrial

(IGA: http://iga.igg.cnr.it/korea.php)


CONSIDERATIONS

WORLD HERITAGE

  • Not applicable

NATIONAL PARKS AND RESERVES

National Parks of Korea
Unit : ㎢(1million pyong)
 
Name of Park
Location (Province)
Park Area
Park Protection Area
Remarks

Designation

Area

Total rank

 

6,473.113

(1,958)

122.207

(37)

Land Terrain: 3,824. 57(3.8%)

Sea Terrain: 2,648.543(2.7%)

*6.5% of national land

1

Jirisan

Jeollanam-do,

Jeollabuk-do, Gyeongsangnam-do

67.12.29

440.485

35.225

 

2

Gyeongju

Gyeongsangbuk-do

68.12.31

138.16

-

 

3

Gyeryongsan

Chungcheongnam

-do, Daejeon

68.12.31

61.148

2.160

 

4

Hallyeo- haesang

Jeollanam-do,

Gyeongsangnam-do

68.12.31

510.323

34.700

Sea Terrain: 344.763

5

Seoraksan

Gangwon-do

70. 2.34

373.0

4.70

 

6

Songnisan

Chungcheongbuk-do, Gyeongsangbuk-do

70. 3.24

283.4

1.02

 

7

Hallasan

Jeju-do

70. 3.24

149.0

2.35

 

8

Naejangsan

Jeollanam-do

Jeollabuk-do

71.11.17

76.032

12.561

 

9

Gayasan

Gyeongsangnam-do

Gyeongsangbuk-do

72.10.13

80.163

4.393

 

10

Deogyusan

Jeollabuk-do,

Gyeongsangnam-do

75. 2. 1

219.0

-

 

11

Odaesan

Gangwon-do

75. 2. 1

298.5

1.98

 

12

Juwangsan

Gyeongsangbuk-do

76. 3.30

105.582

0.698

 

13

Taean- haean

Chungcheongnam-do

78.10.20

328.99

0.09

Marine Terrain:
290.3

14

Dadohae haesang

Jeollanam-do

81.12.23

2,344.91

-

Sea Terrain:
2,004.48

15

Bukhansan

Seoul, Gyeonggi

83. 4. 2

78.45

-

 

16

Chiaksan

Gangwon-do

84.12.31

182.09

2.34

 

17

Woraksan

Chungcheongbuk-do, Gyeongsangbuk-do

84.12.31

284.5

3.172

 

18

Sobaeksan

Chungcheongbuk-do, Gyeongsangbuk-do

87.12.14

320.5

-

 

19

Wolchulsan

Jeollanam-do

88. 6.11

41.88

16.818

 

20

Byeonsanban-do

Jeollabuk-do

88. 6.11

157.0

-

Sea Terrain:
9.00

Number of provincial parks: 22 sites/ 747.855 ( 0.7% of total land)

Number of county parks: 29 sites/ 307.862 (0.2% of total land)

(National Park Authority: http://www.npa.or.kr/eng/npk/npg/nat.htm)


VULNERABLE/ENDANGERED ECOREGIONS

  • Central Korean deciduous forests (PA0413)
  • Manchurian missed forests (PA0426)
  • Southern Korea evergreen forests (PA0439)

(WWF: http://www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial_pa.html)


GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION OF ECOREGIONS

(National Geographic: http://www.nationalgeographic.com/wildworld/terrestrial.html?id=1
&mapServiceName=WW_Terrecos&locWidth=120&locHeight=72
&cMinx=141.8004&cMiny=45.914108&cMaxx=142.666901
&cMaxy=47.798401&size=small&detail=detailed?id=1&size=small
&detail=detailed&cMinx=142.23&cMiny=41&cMaxx=185.43&cMaxy=69.13
)


POPULATION DISTRIBUTION

Population By Administrative District (person)
 

2000

Whole country

45,985,289

Total for cities

 

Total for counties

 

Total for eups

3,742,053

Total for myeons

5,600,788

Total for dongs

 

Seoul

9,853,972

Busan

3,655,437

Daegu

2,473,990

Incheon

2,466,338

Gwangju

1,350,948

Daejeon

1,365,961

Ulsan

1,012,110

Gyeonggi-do

8,937,752

Gangwon-do

1,484,536

Chungcheongbuk-do

1,462,621

Chungcheongnam-do

1,840,410

Jeollabuk-do

1,887,239

Jeollanam-do

1,994,287

Gyeongsangbuk-do

2,716,218

Gyeongsangnam-do

2,970,929

Jeju-do

512,541

Hwanghae province

 

Pyeonganbuk-do

 

Pyeongannam-do

 

Hamgyeongbuk-do

 

Hamgyeongnam-do

 
Table Comments:
  • Figures for whole and total of each province include those of residence unknown.
  • Figures for Seoul and total of each Gu district include those of residence unknown.
  • Figures for province and total of Si or Gun districts include those of residence unknown.
  • Excludes foreigners.
  • Exclude Korean diplomats and their families in abroad (about 1200 persons) in 1970.

(Korea National Statistical Office: http://www.nso.go.kr/cgi-bin/sws_888.cgi?ID=DT_1IN0001&IDTYPE=3&A_LANG=2&FPUB=4&SELITEM=)


References

  1. Acadia University. Significant places for global tectonics. Retrieved from world wide web: http://ace.acadiau.ca/science/geol/rraeside/quizzes/world-notes.htm(October 24, 2002)

  2. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). (January 2002). The world factbook 2002 South Korea. Retrieved from world wide web: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html September 10, 2002)

  3. Energy Information Administration (EIA). (August, 2002). Country analysis briefs South Korea. Retrieved from world wide web: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/skorea2.html (October 2, 2002)

  4. International Geothermal Association (IGA). (May 9, 2002). Welcome to our page with data for South Korea. Retrieved from world wide web: http://iga.igg.cnr.it/korea.php (October 2, 2002)

  5. Korea National Statistical Office. Census population by administrative district. Retrieved from world wide web: http://www.nso.go.kr/cgi-bin/sws_888.cgi?ID=DT_1IN0001&IDTYPE=3&A_LANG=2&FPUB=4&SELITEM= (December 27, 2002)

  6. National Park Authority. National parks of Korea. Retrieved from world wide web: http://www.npa.or.kr/eng/npk/npg/nat.htm (October 20, 2002)

  7. National Geographic. Wild world Terrestrial ecoregions of the world. Retrieved from world wide web: http://www.nationalgeographic.com/wildworld/terrestrial.html?id=1&mapServiceName=WW_Terrecos
    &locWidth=120&locHeight=72&cMinx=141.8004&cMiny=45.914108&cMaxx=142.666901
    &cMaxy=47.798401&size=small&detail=detailed?id=1&size=small&detail=detailed&cMinx=142.23
    &cMiny=41&cMaxx=185.43&cMaxy=69.13
    (October 20 2002)

  8. World Wildlife Fund (WWF). Ecoregions. Retrieved from world wide web: http://www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial_pa.html (November 24, 2002)

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