World's energy use expected to soar
Developing nations will account for most of rise
Thursday, April 15, 2004
By Tom Doggett, Reuters
WASHINGTON World demand for all forms of energy is expected to grow by 54 percent over the next two decades, with oil consumption alone jumping by 40 million barrels a day, the U.S. government said Wednesday.
The U.S. Energy Information Administration's long-term forecast to the year 2025 projects the strongest growth in energy use from developing countries, especially China and India, where buoyant economies will boost demand.
Energy use in developing countries is forecast to soar by 91 percent over the next two decades, while rising 33 percent in industrialized nations.
"Generally, the nations of the industrialized world can be characterized as mature energy consumers with comparatively slow population growth," said the EIA, the Energy Department's analytical arm. These countries are also shifting from energy-intensive manufacturing to service industries, which means slower growth in energy use, it said.
World oil demand is forecast to rise from 81 million barrels per day (bpd) this year to 121 million bpd in 2025, with the United States, China, and the rest of developing Asia soaking up almost 60 percent of those extra barrels, EIA said.
"Over the past several decades, oil has been the world's foremost source of primary energy consumption, and it is expected to remain in that position," the agency said.
To meet that demand, global oil production capacity would have to rise by 44 million bpd over current levels, it said.
OPEC is expected to be the major supplier of the extra oil, with the cartel's production at 56 million bpd in 2025 compared to 27 million bpd this year. Additional non-OPEC barrels will also come from offshore wells in the Caspian Sea, Latin America, and West Africa.
Average annual oil prices are expected to decline after this year to $25 a barrel in inflation-adjusted 2002 dollars and then rise slowly to $27 in 2025, which would be $51 a barrel in nominal dollars, the agency said.
Other highlights of EIA long-term energy forecast include:
Source: The San Diego Union-Tribune