National Energy Grid

Czech Republic

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The Czech Republic, which is slightly smaller than South Carolina, has an approximate population of 10.3 million and is bordered by Poland to the north, the Slovak Republic to the east, Austria to the south, and Germany to the west. The Czech Republic maintains a sophisticated power system serving as a major supplier of electricity in Central Europe. The dominant electricity producer in the Czech Republic is Ceske Energeticke Zavody (CEZ). As of the end of 1999, the installed generating capacity of CEZ was 10,151 MWe, with approximately 2,000 MWe of additional capacity slated to come online when the Temelin nuclear power plant begins operation.

The electricity transmission system in the Czech Republic includes an extensive array of transmission lines and substations. It consists of approximately 1,750 miles of 400 kilovolt (kV) lines and approximately 975 miles of 220 kV lines. Additionally, approximately 80 miles of 110 kV lines supply electricity to a well-developed 110 kV network. The electricity transmission system is highly interconnected with the transmission systems of all neighboring countries. The Czech Republic is a member of the CENTREL association (along with the Slovak Republic, Poland, and Hungary), whose members are working as a group to synchronize interconnections with the Western Europe UCPTE System, which was expected to occur by the end of 1997.


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