National Energy Grid
Full Size Map National Electricity Transmission Grid of Turkey(663 kb)
With a young and growing population, low per capita electricity consumption, rapid urbanization and -- until recently -- strong economic growth, Turkey for nearly two decades has been one of the fastest growing power markets in the world. Prior to Turkey's recent economic difficulties, projections by Turkey's Electricity Generating and Transmission Corporation (TEAS), a public company which owns and operates 15 thermal and 30 hydroelectric plants generating 91% of Turkey's electricity, had indicated that rapid growth in electricity consumption would continue over the next 15 years.
Turkey is considered to have a large amount of wind, geothermal, and solar power potential. In January 2001, Turkey announced approval for 17 wind and one geothermal BOT power plants. Currently, wind power capacity in Turkey is around 19 MW, with units located all over the country. Potential for wind power may be as high as 120,000 MW, with particularly attractive areas for wind located along Turkey's west coast and in southeastern Anatolia. Solar energy is mainly used for roof-top hot water. Geothermal energy potential is estimated at around 35 GW.
Turkey has connected its electricity grid to neighboring countries from which it buys and sells electricity, even though the Turkish system is not set up for synchronous operations with the other countries. The connections are as follows:
- Azerbaijan (34.5 kilovolts [kV] and 154 kV)
- Armenia (220 kV)
- Bulgaria (400 kV)
- Georgia (220 kV)
- Iran (154 kV)
- Iraq (400 kV)
- Syria (66 kV)