China and USA energy and climate change comparison
Oct 7, 2009 - Renewable Energy Focus.com
China has long since been criticised by the West as being intransigent on its response to climate change issues. But a new analysis by NGO Greenpeace compares various aspects of China's policy and energy landscape with that of the USA, and it reveals some interesting findings.
The study by Greenpeace - Comparing the two biggest emitters: US/China - sets out a comparison between the world's two largest greenhouse gas emitters. It looks at publicly available data on statistics like CO2/total primary energy supply; CO2 emissions per capita; renewable energy targets; and Investments in green recovery.
According to Greenpeace, the report reveals that while China is often perceived as a big, irresponsible polluter, the top level results of the review actually reveal that:
China's energy supply is more carbon intensive than that of the US, says the report. However, "China has begun to reduce its carbon intensity, and Chinese President Hu Jintao pledged at the UN in September to reduce carbon intensity by a 'notable margin' by 2020 at 2005 levels".
Per capita emissions
When looking at who should do what to cut greenhouse gas emissions fairly (the crucial component of the COP15 summit in Copenhagen later this year), it is important to look at the amount of emissions per person, says Greenpeace, both now and since the world recognised the climate problem in 1990.
The report concludes by saying that the USA is in a better place to act than China: " The US ranks 12th in the global human development index, whereas China ranks 81st; the purchasing power of a Chinese citizen's income is, on average, 12.8% of a US citizen; and in 2008 the US had almost 8 times higher GDP per capita in international dollars, compared to China".