een wereldwijd elektriciteitsnet een oplossing voor veel problemen  GENI es una institución de investigación y educación-enfocada en la interconexión de rejillas de electricidad entre naciones.  ??????. ????????????????????????????????????  nous proposons la construction d’un réseau électrique reliant pays et continents basé sur les ressources renouvelables  Unser Planet ist mit einem enormen Potential an erneuerbaren Energiequellen - Da es heutzutage m` glich ist, Strom wirtschaftlich , können diese regenerativen Energiequellen einige der konventionellen betriebenen Kraftwerke ersetzen.  한국어/Korean  utilizando transmissores de alta potência em áreas remotas, e mudar a força via linha de transmissões de alta-voltagem, podemos alcançar 7000 quilómetros, conectando nações e continentes    
What's Geni? Endorsements Global Issues Library Policy Projects Support GENI
Add news to your site >>

About Us

Dear GENI Friend;

Our recent International Workshop in Winnipeg, Canada provided strong corroboration by the 36 specialists from around the world. Enclosed is the consensus Executive Summary that clearly states that connecting international and inter-regional electric energy networks is better for the economy, better for the environment, better for developing nations and better for mutual stability and security.

Video results of the International Workshop are now available - including interveiws with 10 specialists (excerpts are highlighted in this newsletter).
Video results of the International Workshop are now available - including interviews with 10 specialists (excerpts are highlighted in this newsletter). Click on the video to order now!

With this information in hand, we delivered these findings in September to the United Nations Environment Program, the Center for Research and Technology Development and International Economic Cooperation. In 1971 the Office for Development and International Economic Cooperation. In 1971 the Natural Resources Division had proposed North/South interconnections to reduce fossil fuel use in developed countries by tapping abundant hydropower in Africa and Latin America. This is both feasible and desirable today.

The UN Environmental Program has offered to co-sponsor a broader discussion of GENI — more delegates, media attention and a specific focus on India, China and Southeast Asia. With over 50% of the world,s population, their sustainable development is critical for us all. It was recommended that countries could now champion this initiative at the Earth Summit in Brazil next year.

Two very important artifacts came from the International Workshop. This first is the Executive Summary which you can read on the following pages. The other is the video documentary A WIN-WIN SOLUTION which is a discussion by several of the specialists. This film should be in corporate boardrooms, developing nations, service clubs and cable programs around the world.

We need your help to accomplish this. Purchase this new video or contribute funds to further this research on all continents and educate people around the world to these findings. (We have already been invited to present our results and an International Meeting on the World Energy System: Technical Possibilities and Benefits in St. Petersburg, USSR later this year.) If we do what the experts suggest, it will change the world.

In cooperation,

Peter Meisen
Executive Director


Will Gannett, Robert Kiyosaki, Wyn Knapp, Peter Meisen, David Steven, Kim Watkins


Raghbir Basi, Brian Bieler, Milton Byrd, David Cline, Mark Victor Hansen, Terry Lipman, Karen Morgan, Robert Muller, Glenn Olds, Malcolm Roberts, Marshall Thurber

Newsletter produced by ARTLAB TWO THOUSAND INC., Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Executive summary



advances in high voltage transmission

and automated distribution technologies make it feasi-

ble for many power entities to optimize the production and supply

of electric energy. • The transfer of power from one agency to another

across its own or adjoining networks is increasing dramatically with con-

siderable economic and environmental benefits. • In view of these experiences

a study by the Committee on Natural Resources of the UN Economic and

Social Council concluded that intra and even intercontinental power grids

may be a realistic method of alleviating some of the world present pollu-

tion problems and power supply shortages. • Economic utilization of

the enormous hydropower potential of Latin America, Africa and

Asia to assist in Third World growth and development can be

attractive features of international grids. • This work-

shop was therefore organized to address

these issues.


On the limits of long-

distance high-voltage

power transmission and the

corresponding economic,

environmental, and socio-

political implications.


Held in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

July 10 - 13, 1991


The objective of the Workshop was to appraise the technical, economic, environmental and sociopolitical feasibility of international electrical interchange and its implementation potential on a global basis.

There have been numerous meetings, studies and reports on specific aspects of this issue by technical societies, research institutions and industry sponsored activities. To our knowledge, this Workshop is the first to assemble a group of individuals with diverse backgrounds and geographical origins including professionals and concerned citizens to discuss this issue.


To accomplish this objective, a group of 36 distinguished international multi-disciplined and non-ideological experts were gathered.*

[*The Group included businessmen, economists, cabinet ministers, a former Governor General, officials from the United Nations and the World Bank, academicians, utility executives, environmentalists, and power systems experts. The countries and regions represented include the USA, USSR, Canada, Europe, Latin American, Asia, Africa, the Middle East, Australia and New Zealand.]

The Group was divided into five study committees dealing with the major aspects of this complex problem; these were: Technical, Social/Political, Environmental, Economic, and Implementation. The Committees deliberated for two days separately and then discussed their findings in daily plenary sessions. This provided a Continuing dialogue throughout the Workshop.


Energy is one of the most important factors in development of the world.

Electrical energy represents over one third of energy use and is growing at a very rapid rate (approximately sevenfold since 1950). It is essential for economic growth, and electric energy use correlates with improved standard of living and quality of life.

The industrialized world (25% of world population) consumes 75-80% of the total electric energy production.

Interconnections have helped to optimize the production and distribution of energy and diminish the impact on natural resources.

Environmental risks due to shortages of energy, particularly electric energy, are significant and can be as high or higher than those associated with the least desirable forms of generation. Example: 80% of Africa,s energy for heating and cooking is met by firewood, resulting in deforestation, desertification and topsoil erosion.

Many untapped renewable resources (especially hydropower) can be developed with minimum environmental costs and greater benefit to developing nations. 34% of untapped resources are in East Asia, 21% in Central Africa and 18% in Latin America.

Advances in hardware technology, large scale system theory, control, monitoring, and computing systems can help optimize the production, transmission, distribution, pricing, trading and billing.

The concept of regional grids has been proven advantageous and is being expanded whenever politically and economically feasible. An example is the discussion to connect West and East Europe, linking the UCPTE network and the COMECON system.

Eventual realization of a global grid requires a balance between transmission losses and cost of regional power generation development. These costs can be evaluated on a project by project basis.

Transmissions losses can be significantly minimized in the future with new technologies which are spin-offs of military and aerospace developments.

international workshop delegation


July 10-13, 1991


Front Row (left to right): Peter Meisen, Dennis Woodford, —, —, Len Bateman, Peter Dunne, Ahmedou Ould-Abdallah, Don McGillis

Middle Row (left to right): Vladimir Kozlov, —, Bill Perk, Lev Belyaev, Muriel Smith, Ludmila Ilyina, Joe Falcom, Alexis Rivero, —, Nikolai Voropai

Back Row (left to right): Jim Service, Victor Yershevich, —, Hans Stakegard, Nelson Defranco, Jacque Lemay, Lars Weimer, Walt Venable, —,—,—,—, Segei Roginko, Bob Bulmer





In Central America, where you have a substantial amount of hydro electricity available there, and if you had a multi-terminal system traveling through these countries with a certain number of taps connected to that line, then the great advantage of such technology is that you can use the tap as a source for a DC line. So you can connect the local hydrogeneration from that country to the DC line and go and sell that electricity to another country which can pay for it. Therefore, generation revenue for the Latin American country.

*Quote from the "WIN-WIN SOLUTION" Video.


  1. HVDC is the preferred type of transmission if the distance involved is more than 1000 kilometers.
  2. For smaller distance, AC transmission is probably more attractive. The economic voltage for AC depends on the amount of power to be transmitted.
  3. AC voltages up to 1200 kV and DC voltages up to +750 kV are technically realizable today. Higher values are for tomorrow.
  4. Limitation on voltage levels may impose some restriction on the practical length that can be considered from an economic point of view. In any case, power transmission per circuit mist be limited to that amount which the receiving system can afford to lose. This is the bottom line.
  5. Interconnections should form part of the general reinforcement of the AC systems so as to take full advantage of the interconnection.
  6. The voltage level of a DC interconnection should be as high as practical since it has generally been found that a higher voltage will pay for itself.
  7. When developing an interconnection, every effort should be made to keep the design as simple as possible.
  8. Whenever possible, one should try to minimize the number of DC taps and maximize the use of the right-of-way involved in any interconnection project.
  9. It has been noted that staging has an important influence on the cost of a project and this connection, DC transmission more easily lends itself to profit from this feature.
  10. Finally, interconnections, especially those involving more than one country, require a mechanisms for the general agreement on planning, design, installation and especially the operation of the interconnected systems.

Distances of 7000 kilometers, would be feasible. Not only that physically it was feasible, but that economically it was very competitive with local generation that you could have in Europe.

*Quote from the "WIN-WIN SOLUTION" Video.


The economics of electrical supply have been overwhelmingly in favor of continuing with the development of this form of energy transfer. The present standard of living of the developed countries does demonstrate this and suggests the developing countries should be targeted for an improved level of electrical supply. Interconnections will plan an important role in this task. We found:

  1. The economic benefits have always exceeded the anticipated or assumed values that justified the interconnection in the firs place. Examples Include: Nordel System connecting Scandinavia to Europe, The British Channel underwater link connecting France and England, multiple connections along the US/Canadian border, the USSR system of 9 regional grid systems connecting 7 time zones over 10,000 kilometers. And the recent linking of East and West German took just two months after the Berlin Wall came down because of the substantial economic benefit to both.
  2. With all the experience represented in the working group, a most significant finding was that not one example was found of an unsuccessful interconnection.
  3. The system must be reliable, and interconnections help to achieve a greater degree of reliability in the system.
  4. Huge economic benefits are derived from the availability of electricity:
    • increased reliability, reduction of outages
    • the conservation of capital
    • better utilization of energy resources
    • taking advantage of seasonal (north/south) and time zone (east/west) diversity
    • reduction of spinning reserve and other reserve requirements of the system
    • assist in the development of new generation resources
  5. Money from military budgets could be channeled into creating interconnections.
  6. The evolution of highly developed electrical grids in the industrialized world suggest that a global grid is feasible.
  7. If the total environmental costs of the thermal station,s air pollution and unknown costs of decommissioning nuclear stations were taken into account, the interconnection of remote renewable energy sources would be significantly more economically viable.

The difficulties and risks could be balanced by the positive aspects of a project. And these are: stability and distribution of wealth through the success of a project. It will help community stability. It will help stabilize or reduce population growth which is a major issue on the environment and resources.

*Quote from the WIN-WIN SOLUTION Video.


Assuming the Global Energy Network Project is technically and economically feasible, the group:

  1. Agrees that the project might positively affect the world,s sociopolitical and cultural development. Interconnections will enhance the stability and security between nations.
  2. Supports the Global Energy Network Project. International interconnections exist today throughout the world, and is not a technology that must wait for future development.
  3. Recommends its implementation by phases. First between countries of comparable economic development in both the industrialized and developing world. Eventually, world energy can be distributed more equitable.
  4. Emphasized that any proposal for the extension of international grids between sites, in particular, those of different economic development, need to proceed with great care to ensure each country,s national interests and resources are fully protected.
  5. Stresses that environmental concerns be fully considered in the implementation of the project. Expanding grids will allow relief from environmentally damaging generation facilities.
  6. Grid development and electricity availability will help to increase wealth and satisfy human needs, thus stabilizing population growth and migratory populations.
  7. Calls upon the president of GENI (Global Energy Network Institute) to bring the conclusions of this workshop to the attention of all world leaders, including the Secretary General of the United Nations.


It will be a strengthening force with the United Nations definitely.
Enhancing global cooperation and interdependency between nations and through mutual benefits that we realize which wouldn't be possible otherwise without the technology... And that will create in Africa, health systems in the villages; pilot roads through agriculture; basic education for children, water supply, irrigation for crops, all these things are now possible.

QUESTION: Do you think this will result in the reduction of world hunger?

MHW: Yes, certainly.

*Quote from the "WIN-WIN SOLUTION" Video.


The fundamental goal of any grid system is to promote the equitable and efficient distribution of energy. The primary environmental objective is the optimization of international resources, having particular regard to sustainable development, and the use and conservation of energy.

Potential advantages of Energy Grid interconnection: the possibility of reducing required generating capacity thus eliminating the most environmentally unsound generating capacities.

There are negative environmental effects in certain regions that are due to the lack of access to efficient energy sources. A Global Energy Grid is capable of diminishing these environmentally unsound consequences.

We recommend public participation; including affected indigenous peoples, and non-governmental organizations in the planning stages will be crucial for developing support of the project.

Because the Grid will be subject to Global decision making, every effort should be made to draw the attention of intergovernmental bodies to the project. One of the opportunities for this is the United Nations Conference on the Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro in 1992.


The tendency would be to reduce greenhouse gases, and also the acid rain which is coming from coal.

*Quote from the "WIN-WIN SOLUTION" Video.


We recognize that there are impediments to the implementation of electrical projects. in each geopolitical area of the world. In order to evaluate the degree of complexity, and highlight the major impediments, we have created a typical world implementation chart. The examples are conceptual but we think illustrative.

We have assumed that the projects consist of electrical generation and transmission that cross two or more international boundaries. Implementation of such projects is predicated upon political, and market support. There are few areas in the world where major energy projects can be implemented in the absence of broad based public support.

In reaching our conclusions we have assumed that the technical, economical, sociopolitical and environmental problems are resolvable.

Overriding all other considerations is the necessity of having the appropriate assurances that the money would be available to fund implementation of the projects.

Major Implementation Problems

Time 1 Frame

Market 2 Need

Degree of 3 Complexity


Zaire-Republic of Central


  • Government approval
  • Security of facilities

2-3 years



North America

Manitoba-North Dakota-

South Dakota-Nebraska

  • Regulatory & environmental approvals
  • Acquisition of rights of way

5-10 years




USSR-North Korea-

South Korea-Japan

  • Inter-Korean politics
  • Environmental
  • Capital costs/financial package

5-10 years



Colombia-Central America-Mexico

Colombia-Panama-Costa Rica-

Nicaragua-Honduras-El Salvador-


  • Financial
  • Political

4-5 years



Asia-North America

USSR (Siberia)-USA (Alaska)


  • Environmental
  • Political/contractual

10-20 years





  • Acquisition of rights of way

3-5 years



Gulf States

Oman-UAE-Saudi Arabia-


  • Government approval

2 years



1 Time Frame: time from the decision by the proponent to proceed towards approval, until construction can start.

2 Market Need: at anticipated project completion date. 1-5, 5=highly needed

3 Degree of Complexity: 1-5, 5=highly complex


We believe that the structure and participant diversity of this workshop represent a significant even among the many thoughtful efforts dealing with the optimum production of energy for satisfying the ever increasing demand for electric energy on a global basis with minimum impact on the environment. It is hoped that it will stimulate further discussion and detailed studies by concerned groups around the world.

The Executive Summary has been approved on July 23, 1991 and authorized for distribution by:

Ali Seireg,

Principal Investigator

Don McGillis, Chairman Technical Working Group

Len Bateman, Chairman Economic Working Group

Ahmedou Ould-Abdallah,

Chairman Sociopolitical Working Group

Peter Dunne, Chairman Environmental Working Group

Jack Cressy, Chairman Implementation Working Group

Copies of this document, plus additional references are available by contacting GENI.


Ali Seireg - Principal Investigator, University of Wisconsin


Dennis Woodford - Executive Director, Manitoba HVDC Research Centre

Jacques Lemay - Technical Coordinator, Hydro Quebec

Nikolai Voropai - Deputy Director, Siberian Energy Institute

Jose Carlos Medeiros - Technical Director, CEPEL:, Brazil

Victor Yershevich - Transmission specialist, ENERGOPROYECT

*Don McGillis - System Planning, Hydro Quebec. Working Group Chairman


Jack Scriven - President, Teshmont Consultants

Lars Weimer - HVDC Power Systems, Asea Brown Boveri

Mike Tarnawecky - Electrical Engineering Department, University of Manitoba

Alexander Malotsov - Director, Energia

Lev Belyaev - Deputy Director, Siberian Energy Institute

Bill Perk - Community Development, Southern Illinois University

*Len Bateman - Bateman Associates, Winnipeg. Working Group Chairman


Michael Hesse Wolfe - International Energy Systems Consultant, Berkeley, California

Edward Schreyer - Resource Management, Simon Fraser University

Ted Glass - Westinghouse Canada, Inc. retired

Yuri Sayamov - First Deputy Chairman, Commission of Soviet Scientists

Bill Moxon - Pacific Institute of Resources Management, New Zealand

Bob Bulmer - Strategic Planning Coordinator, State of Alaska

*Ahmedou Ould-Abdallah - UN Office for Development and International Economic Cooperation. Working Group Chairman


Sergei Roginko - Head of the Institute of Europe, USSR Academy of Sciences

Joe Falcon - President-Elect ASME

Ludmila Ilyina - Institute of Geography, USSR Academy of Sciences

Igor Slavin - Director of Science, Radioelectronics Institute

Muriel Smith - United Nations Association, Winnipeg

Ebraheem Alshareedah, Deputy Director, Kuwait Institute of Scientific Research

*Peter Dunne - Former Assistant Minister for Environment, New Zealand


Jim Service - Transmission System Planning, Ontario Hydro

Hans Stackegard - HVDC Power Systems, Asea Brown Boveri

Will Tishinski - V.P. Facilities Planning, Manitoba Hydro

Vladimir Kozlov - International Fuel & Power Association, Moscow

Ismail Tag - Dean of Engineering, Qatar University

Alexis Rivero - Technical Director, Latin American Energy Organization

Nelson deFranco - Infrastructure Development, World Bank

*Jack Cressy - Chairman, Monenco. Working Group Chairman



The results of the International Workshop are currently going through the process of being evaluated by the industry. Comments from Workshop delegates and invited specialists are presently being added to the appendix.

The more extensive review is done through trade organizations and existing think tanks and will take several months. Targeted are IEEE, ASME, ADCE, CIGRE, EPRI, IIASA, Edison Electric Institute, Stanford Research Institute, Rand Corporation, World Health Organization, OTA, USSR Academy of Sciences, Natural Resources Defense Council, The Hunger Project, several United Nations agencies, World Bank, Beyond Way, National Wildlife Federation, to name just a few.


There were eight Soviets in Winnipeg, and several are very interested in continuing the discussion on linking the US and USSR across the Bering Strait. There are plentiful hydropower and two large tidal sites in Siberia and Alaska which can be developed — delivering abundant and cheap electricity to Japan, Korea, and China. This would also make the production of liquid hydrogen economically feasible.

The Alaskan delegate who works in Governor Hickel's office suggested a roundtable meeting of those especially interested in this proposal. GENI and GENI Alaska could be the catalyst and coordinator for this exchange — doable by the end of the year. This would be the opportunity to get the two superpowers face-to-face, working on a mutually beneficial project... good for both, economically and environmentally


A one hour video documentary needs to be created for mass appeal — ultimately to be shown around the world. Targeted networks are CNN, KPBS, Beyond 2000, the Discovery Channel and similar programs in all countries. Versions will be needed in English, Russian, French, German, Chinese, Japanese, Hindi, Arabic, and Spanish. We have 18 specialists on video tape from the International Workshop who give expert corroboration to the GENI story. We now have two outstanding videos (both 15 minutes) that could be the cornerstone for a full length feature. Funding and sponsors are needed for the intended completion date of December 31, 1991.


The world's leaders -- 5000 decision makers are set to receive the GENI findings. These people included the United Nations representatives, Secretaries of State and Foreign Ministers, global educators, Fortune 1000 businesses and key world media. These people will form the nucleus for informing all people of the benefits of GENI. The time frame for contact is January/February 1992.


Thousands of delegates from 166 nations will gather in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in June 1992 to set the environment/development agenda for the coming decade. GENI aims to be at the top of the agenda — we're striving for a resolution signed by all countries stating now is the time to work cooperatively on linking international and inter-regional electric energy networks on all continents.

How can I support GENI?


Request a GENI Video

Discuss this proposal and share the GENI video with friends and business associates. (Use the Tell your friends about this page feature below)

Write a letter to your political leaders, especially the Presidents of the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. and the U.N. Secretary General

Contact your local media regarding a feature story on GENI

Arrange a presentation for GENI at your group's luncheon or trade conference

Contribute money or skills to forward the education of this global opportunity

GENI Support and Products


I want to help GENI now,
  • GENI Video:
    What if... a new global option

    This 15 minute video has been seen around the world. Designed for the general public, it's the best overview of the GENI Initiative. Introduction by John Denver.

  • GENI T-shirts (no longer offered)
    "Connect the World with GENI" — three color shirt along with Dymaxion™ Map in blue and yellow, Grid and print in red.

  • GENI Brochures
    A concise statement on GENI, as well as the benefits in the areas of economics, the environment, international trade and cooperation, hunger and overpopulation. This piece will explain GENI to your firends in 3 minutes.

  • GENI Source Document and Placement on the GENI Mailing List
    You'll receive documentation and support literature on the Global Energy Grid proposal, priority mailing of hardcopy GENI Newsletters, and monthly e-mail updates on the status of this discussion around the world.

  • Dymaxion™ Globe
    Folded from the Dymaxion™ Map, this four-color 6" globe generates conversation on global issues and solutions.

  • New GENI Video:
    A WIN-WIN Solution

    A 15 minute discussion by ten delegates who participated in the International Workshop in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada in July 1991. The consensus statement strongly corroborated the GENI initiative as very credible. It's a win-win proposal for everyone involved. Joe Falson

  • Working Group Reports, Maps, Graphs, and Appendix of International Workshop
    Complete set of documents from the 36 delegates who met in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada July 1991. $50 donation.

Dymaxion™ Map

Beautiful four color poster printed on heavy-gauge paper.

Fuller Projection Air-Ocean World Dymaxion Map -- Beautiful four color poster (34 inches X 22 inches).

Promises to generate discussions in your home and office.

Two decades
ago, the late R. Buckminster Fuller
proposed interconnecting regional power
systems into a single continuous global electrical
energy grid. • While this vision is still years away, tech-
nological advances have made the linking of international and
inter regional energy networks practicable today. • Transmission
lines allow utilities to level the peaks and valleys of demand. This is
accomplished between East-West time zones, as well as North-South
seasonal variations in demand. • The origin of the energy grid initiative
emerged as the highest priority of the World Game™. Its stated purpose
is “to make the world work for 100% of humanity in the shortest possible
time through spontaneous cooperation without ecological damage or the
disadvantage of anyone.” Research reveals that these major benefits will
result from expanding electrical networks. • Increase in everyone’s stan-
dard of living • Reduction of fossil fuel demand and the resultant pollu-
tion • Relief of the population explosion • Reduction of world hunger
• Enhancement of world trade • Promotion of international
cooperation and peace • The purpose of GENI, Global
Energy Network Institute, is to educate all people,
especially world leaders, to the potential
benefits of this win-win
solution. •

The Doctrines which dominated military thought and planning throughout the decades following WWII have suddenly lost their relevance and applicability. Appropriate security structures need to be found to replace the adversarial strategies of the past.

UN Secretary- General Javier Perez de Cuellar


Updated: 2016/06/30

If you speak another language fluently and you liked this page, make a contribution by translating it! For additional translations check out (Voor vertaling van Engels tot Nederlands) (For oversettelse fra Engelsk til Norsk)
(Для дополнительных переводов проверяют )