een wereldwijd elektriciteitsnet een oplossing voor veel problemen  GENI es una institución de investigación y educación-enfocada en la interconexión de rejillas de electricidad entre naciones.  ??????. ????????????????????????????????????  nous proposons la construction d’un réseau électrique reliant pays et continents basé sur les ressources renouvelables  Unser Planet ist mit einem enormen Potential an erneuerbaren Energiequellen - Da es heutzutage m` glich ist, Strom wirtschaftlich , können diese regenerativen Energiequellen einige der konventionellen betriebenen Kraftwerke ersetzen.  한국어/Korean  utilizando transmissores de alta potência em áreas remotas, e mudar a força via linha de transmissões de alta-voltagem, podemos alcançar 7000 quilómetros, conectando nações e continentes    
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renewable energy
Linking the renewable energy resources around the world

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hydro energy

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geothermal the highest priority of the power industry, development organizations, and the environmental community.

Dear GENI Friend;

1992 will be remembered as the year the GENI initiative reached the foremost energy and environmental organizations around the world. Newspaper and magazine articles, as well as radio and television interviews reached millions globally.

In this issue, we report on the insights and contacts made at four international meetings:

  • The Earth Summit - Rio de Janeiro, June

  • IEEE/Power Engineering Society - Seattle, July

  • CIGRE (International Conference on Large High Voltage Electric Systems) - Paris, August-September

  • World Energy Conference - Madrid, September

Perfectly timed, the cover story of the June '92 IEEE Power Engineering Review magazine featured the panel session we helped coordinate earlier in the year. Entitled Tapping Remote Renewables, the discussion reached over 23,000 engineers and was prophetic in identifying the new edge for GENI.

We've learned several critical elements of the global energy puzzle as a consequence of these meetings:

  • Integration of electric networks is on the agenda in every world region, and in many cases a priority.

  • The demand for energy will certainly grow as a result of the expanding population of the developing world — projections vary, but most expect energy demand to double in the next two to three decades.

  • The most environmental driven scenario of the World Energy Conference only increases the renewable portion from 20% to 30%.

  • The climate change agreements signed in Rio agree to cap greenhouse emissions at 1990 levels.

Putting these together, you have the classic, you can't get there from here result. It's clear that GENI must refine the focus — to linking renewable energy resources around the world. There seems to be an abundance of renewable energy resources on the planet. The question is can these be tapped and delivered to the demand of our cities and industry. We're currently working to develop the computer simulation model that energy and environmental planners can use as a future roadmap.

We ask for your sponsorship and endorsement of this investigation. GENI needs and welcomes your contribution.


Peter Meisen
Executive Director


IEEE Power
Engineering Society
New York, January 27 - 30

United Nations Conference
on the Environment and Development,
The Earth Summit,"
Rio de Janeiro, June 1 - 14

International Conference on Large High-Voltage
Electric Systems
CIGRE, Paris, August 30 - September 3

World Energy Conference
Madrid, September 21 - 25


I find the project to be one of the most important opportunities to further the cause of environmental protection and sustainable development.
Noel Brown
North American Director, United Nations Environmental Program

GENI DIRECTORS AND OFFICERS: Len Bateman, Robert Kiyosaki, Wyn Knapp, David Steven, Kim Watkins, Mike Fisher


GENI ADVISORS: Raghbir Basi, Brian Bieler, Milton Byrd, David Cline, Mark Victor Hansen, Terry Lipman, Karen Morgan, Robert Muller, Glenn Olds, Malcolm Roberts, Marshall Thurber

Tapping Remote Renewables —
an Opportunity for Transition

At the Earth Summit, Peter 
                                  Meisen (R) explains GENI to Rt. Hon. Michael 
                                  Howard, Secretary of State for the Environment, 
                                  United Kingdom
At the Earth Summit, Peter Meisen (R) explains GENI to Rt. Hon. Michael Howard, Secretary of State for the Environment, United Kingdom

What if you had a crystal ball? Of course you would want to know the future. This year, GENI has been good-fortuned. We have received enough pieces of our global puzzle to be able to project a reasoned forecast.

On some issues, the trends are clear. The prediction is very alarming. How our world leaders decide to deal with those issues is critical.

Just as cancer takes many years to be recognized in our bodies, the energy and environmental choices we make today will determine our planet's health over the next twenty to thirty years. Many experts have said that a shift to sustainable development over this period is essential, or the treatment may be too late.

World Population vs. Energy Demand

Our global population continues to grow at accelerated rates. We now add a billion people in just one decade. This is most striking when you realize that we only had 2.5 (?)billion at the beginning of this century, compared to 5.4 billion today.

Driven predominately by developing nations, world population will almost double, and so will energy demand.

ProjectedNearly all of this population increase will come from the developing countries. Just as noteworthy, once a society reaches an adequate living standard, the rate of growth levels off. Many development specialists feel that the only way to curtail the birth rates in developing nations is to help those people improve their living standards as quickly as possible.

Figure 1 - Projected Global Population

The demand for energy seems to follow an almost identical trend. The new people will escalate the demand for energy, while first and second world economies have learned to be more efficient with resources. Being able to do "more with less" is a natural law, once you have gone beyond basic subsistence.

ProjectedFigure 2 - Projected Global Energy Demand

Ideally, this new energy production would build upon the knowledge and technology already experienced by developed economies. However, two of the stickiest issues to solve in Rio were transfer of technology and financing. The developing would like to be environmentally appropriate, but require the help from nations who are currently more concerned with a global recession.

Until your survival needs are met, protecting the environment remains a low priority.

Current Policies vs. Environmental Driven Scenario

AlternativeFor the first time, the World Energy Conference divided the world into eight regions (closely following continental contours) and conducted in depth study of historical energy patterns. With that, each region could then project forward the energy usage in the region. Three scenarios were assumed: current policy, enhanced economic policy, and an environmentally driven policy.

Figure 3 - Alternative Energy futures

The point we would like to stress is the anticipated ratio of renewable vs. non-renewable energy sources. While the Current Policy case shows the same growth in energy demand as Figure 2, the percentage change in renewable resource use is negligible. The Enhanced Economic Policy assumed a 1% higher economic growth in developing countries -- pushing total energy demand to 17,200 MTOE (million tons of oil equivalent). However, the renewable portion remained at 20%.

The most environmental driven scenario of the World Energy Conference only increases the renewable portion from 20% to 30%.

The Environmentally Driven case assumes greater efficiencies are achieved, hence curbing demand in 2020 to 11,200 MTOE. However, these energy planners see the primary sources of coal, oil, gas and nuclear to remain dominant, and the renewables only growing to 30% in the next three decades.

Climate Change Convention

At the Earth Summit, many computer models were developed to simulate the expected CO2 emissions into the atmosphere CO2 is the main greenhouse gas, and a byproduct of fossil fuel combustion).

IndustrialMany assumptions are made to run these scenarios, yet Figure 5 represents the expectations of most experts in the field.

Figure 4 - Industrial CO2 Emissions

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) suggested as 60% reduction in CO2 from 1990 levels if we want to stabilize atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Going the direction we're headed, you just can't get there from here was a poignant comment heard during the meetings in Madrid.

The Climate Convention targets from the Earth Summit are a pipe dream. You just can't get there from here.
Arnie Wise, Director of 
                                  GENI, Canada, shows two Earth Summit delegates 
                                  how electricity can be transferred between continents 
                                  without running cable under oceans.
Arnie Wise, Director of GENI, Canada, shows two Earth Summit delegates how electricity can be transferred between continents without running cable under oceans.

The world is once again embarking on a grand chemistry experiment. Thirty years ago, scientists first warned us of the damage chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) would do to our ozone layer. Not until a gaping hole appeared over Antarctica did we commit to phasing these chemicals out of production (Montreal Protocol of 1987). And when ozone depletion was found in the northern hemisphere, we collectively accelerated the process.

Some say that prudence should guide our actions. No arguments with that. Yet, some predictions for the future are evident to all, and the emergency just may be upon us today. We, however, won't see the effects until our children are asked to correct them.

Interconnection of Renewable Energy Resources

GENI also learned that our corporate statement -- conducting education and research on connecting international and inter-regional electric energy networks -- is right on target. In every regional review by the World Energy Conference, the interconnection of electric systems is on the agenda, and in some cases a priority.

Tapping Remote Renewables, IEEE Power Engineering Society Panel Session report.
Tapping Remote Renewables, IEEE Power Engineering Society Panel Session report.

In Africa, the energy community is studying network expansion throughout the continent -- looking to the 30GW hydro potential of the Zaire River for mutual benefit. The Middle East/North African countries are examining a pan-Arab network. System interconnection is a high priority for the entire Latin American region. And the end of the Cold War has allowed almost immediate linkage of East and West Germany, with all of Europe to become interconnected by the end of the decade.

A desirable future prescribes certain choices be made today.

From our previous newsletter, you read excerpts of six experts from a panel session hosted by the IEEE Power Engineering Society earlier this year. That discussion became the cover story of the Power Engineering Review in June, entitled "Tapping Remote Renewables". This has became prophetic, as we learned more of the issues facing us. If GENI is to act as a trimtab, and alter the direction we are headed, our focus must be refined.

The highest priority of the power industry, the developmental organizations and the environmental community is to link the renewable energy resources around the world.

Computer Simulation Model

Over the past few decades, electrical interconnections have become increasingly widespread as technology has improved and the benefits of integrated systems realized. Significant economic benefits have been achieved through interconnected systems, e.g. in North America, Europe, the former USSR and Australia.

Specifically, interconnections provide the following benefits:

  • reduced requirement for reserve and spinning capacities

  • improved efficiency

  • optimization of energy mix

  • load leveling between East/West time zones and North/South seasonal variations

  • postponement of capital investment in new generation

  • reduction in fossil fuel emissions and nuclear waste due to efficiency gains

  • improved reliability with regard to reduction of outages, stability of frequency an voltage

Significant progress towards a low emission energy future is possible through the extensive use of interconnections. Many of the large renewable energy sources are located in remote regions, far from load centers. Initially, expanding interconnections will be most viable between regions and ultimately between continents.

Many of the large renewable sources are sited in developing countries. With optimal development, excess power could be exported to developed nations, providing hard currency exchange for the developing country, plus the much needed energy to drive their own economy. An example of this scenario is the proposed Grand Inga project in Zaire with interconnections to Europe. Mutual benefits exist by displacing much of the polluting fossil and potentially unsafe nuclear power in Eastern Europe.

Interconnections are worth in excess of $20 billion per annum to the U.S. economy. The proposed Central American linkage from Columbia to Mexico could net those countries over $1 billion per annum. A recent report from Asea Brown Boveri estimated that greenhouse gas emissions could be replaced by one third from present levels if a realistic and achievable 2000 TWh per annum of renewable (primarily hydro in their study) could be interconnected into existing systems.

The purpose of this research project is to quantify these benefits economically and environmentally, comparing this technology with other solutions using the same benchmarks. These results will quantify the impact of large system planning and prioritize this design scenario in relation to other energy strategies. The ultimate objective is to achieve a low emissions, sustainable energy future for the world, and provide the much needed clean energy to power the economic growth of the world's developing countries. The environmental implications of the developing countries expanding their electricity production in the same manner as the first world, is indeed great cause for concern.

The Research Project begins with the investigation of existing models, and the assumptions that lead to their scenarios. Regional systems already being analyzed, as well as essential data will be assembled from sources worldwide.

In the GENI study, several scenarios will be modelled:

  1. A business-as-usual reference case

  2. Moderate measures taken to reduce emissions, e.g. efficiency improvements, expanding interconnections, and some additional renewables

  3. Vigorous commitment to optimize remote renewables with extensive interconnections. Maximize demand and supply efficiencies.

With the third scenario in mind, we have specified a few of the parameters, and offer them for your consideration:

  • disregard political boundaries for the time being

  • plot present and projected world population
    • population per time zone
    • identify whether 1st, 2nd, or 3rd world economy

  • plot energy demand, present and projected

  • enter existing electrical grids
    • with transmission capacity
    • with optimal upgrading

  • identify all renewable sites
    • project megawatt capacity
    • project cost to develop

  • enter state of the art in HVDC and HVAC systems
    • overlay this network on world map
    • determine cost to develop

  • run complete short, medium and long term cost/benefit analysis

and then derive the:

  • economic implications
    • continuous trade between neighboring nations
    • shifting of resources from military to civilian
    • third world debt reduction

  • environmental implications
    • with the "externalities" like desertification, topsoil erosion, CO2 and acid rain emissions, deforestation for fuel use
    • what happens when the electric car kicks in

  • social implications
    • effects on quality of life indicators of infant mortality, birth rate, life expectancy
    • will change of culture take place

  • political implications
    • security and reliability of energy supply
    • policy change from "fear driven" to "cooperative" national energy policies
    • ownership of facilities
    • treaties and financial instruments

Mike Fisher, GENI Technical Director
Research Project Coordinator


From Possibility to Opportunity

Project and ideas go through phases, just as we move through stages of life. After formation, and for many years, GENI remained just a possibility in the world. It had high potential, but remained in the realm of a good idea.

This year, GENI shifted -- becoming an opportunity for the planet to pursue. There are enough people in the world aware of this option, that we must ultimately choose to walk through the opening, or not. Just as trains change tracks, today's choices may involve only a slight deviation from our previous course -- yet the outcome will be vastly different as we move into the next century.

Goals for 1993

1. Computer Simulation Model

creates the scenario of interconnecting renewable resources around the world, and comparing this to other accepted models which anticipate only a moderate push towards renewable and a business-as-usual scenario. This is a essential tool to reassure the engineering and financial communities of the desirability of the project.

2. One Hour Documentary/Film

GENI already has two outstanding 15 minute videos: What If . . . A new Global Option and A WIN-WIN SOLUTION which have been viewed around the world. An independent production company is working on a one hour piece for international television broadcast. The purpose is to educate millions around the world to this synergistic opportunity.

3. International Conference on Electrical Interconnections

Upon recommendation by the United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP), we have begun formulating plans for this event to be held in Geneva. The qualitative summary of the Winnipeg Workshop, and the above Computer Model, will be the basis for a quantitative analysis in each area: Technical, Economic, Financial, Environmental and Sociopolitical, with implementation groups studying specific inter-regional projects. The designed result is to motivate the financiers and policy makers around the world to make commitments on regional interties.

GENI Milestones

1986 GENI founded to investigate the idea by Buckminster Fuller, proposing a Global Electric Energy Grid as the number one priority to solve many of the world's most pressing problems.
1989 November. A 15 minute video What If . . . A New Global Option released to explain the proposal to the general public. Introduced by John Denver, the video has been viewed on all continents.
1991 February. GENI formed as a non-profit corporation whose purpose is to conduct research and educate all people to the benefits of linking international and inter-regional electric energy networks.
1991 July. International Workshop on the Limits of Long Distance High-Voltage Power Transmission and the Corresponding Economic, Environmental and Socio-Political Implications. Hosted by the Manitoba HVDC Research Centre and GENI, 36 multi-disciplined experts from around the world gathered in Winnipeg, Canada. They concurred on the potential benefits of expanding power networks between nations and continents.
1991 September. A 15 minute video A WIN-WIN Solution released, featuring interviews with a dozen specialists from the Winnipeg workshop. Strong corroboration for the initiative is expressed by engineers, environmentalists and diplomats.
1992 January. Russians and Americans met in Anchorage, Alaska to discuss The Potential of an Electrical Interconnection Between Russia and North America. Hosted by the Alaska Energy Authority and GENI, these power engineers began the study of an underwater linkage between the two continents, making available the enormous renewable potential of the region.
1992 January. Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, Power Engineering Society (IEEE/PES) hosted a panel session in New York on Remote Renewable Energy Sources made Possible by High Voltage Interconnections. Panelists state that massive untapped renewable energy exists, and is available with current technology.
1992 March. The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) stated that GENI is one of the most important opportunities to further the cause of environmental protection and sustainable development. UNEP agreed to co-sponsor an international conference, deepening the investigation globally, including the financial and diplomatic communities.
1992 June. GENI exhibit at the Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit was seen by thousands from around the world. Relationships established with energy and environmental research organizations, as well as NGOs from every continent. Dozens of press interviews held, including the Wall Street Journal, Japan's Business Newspaper, Public Broadcasting and the BBC.
1992 June. The IEEE/PES magazine Power Engineering Review cover story was on Tapping Remote Renewables. Over 23,000 engineers involved in research, manufacturing and utility planning received the article.

Funding needs for 1993: $1,000,000.
Your generous support is requested.

How can I support GENI?


Request a GENI Video

Discuss this proposal and share the GENI video with friends and business associates. (Use the Tell your friends about this page feature below)

Write a letter to your political leaders, especially the Presidents of the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. and the U.N. Secretary General

Contact your local media regarding a feature story on GENI

Arrange a presentation for GENI at your group's luncheon or trade conference

Contribute money or skills to forward the education of this global opportunity

GENI Support and Products


I want to help GENI now,
  • GENI Video:
    What if... a new global option

    This 15 minute video has been seen around the world. Designed for the general public, it's the best overview of the GENI Initiative. Introduction by John Denver.

  • GENI T-shirts (no longer offered)
    "Connect the World with GENI" — three color shirt along with Dymaxion™ Map and Grid is guaranteed to get attention and conversation. White shirts with Map in blue and yellow, Grid and print in red.

  • GENI Brochures
    A concise statement on GENI, as well as the benefits in the areas of economics, the environment, international trade and cooperation, hunger and overpopulation. This piece will explain GENI to your firends in 3 minutes.

  • GENI Source Document and Placement on the GENI Mailing List
    You'll receive documentation and support literature on the Global Energy Grid proposal, priority mailing of hardcopy GENI Newsletters, and monthly e-mail updates on the status of this discussion around the world.

  • Dymaxion™ Globe
    Folded from the Dymaxion™ Map, this four-color 6" globe generates conversation on global issues and solutions.

  • New GENI Video:
    A WIN-WIN Solution

    A 15 minute discussion by ten delegates who participated in the International Workshop in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada in July 1991. The consensus statement strongly corroborated the GENI initiative as very credible. It's a win-win proposal for everyone involved. Joe Falson

  • Reports, Maps, Paper Submissions, and Graphs
    Complete set of documents from International Workshop, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada July 1991 — and Russian/Alaskan Meeting — Anchorage, Alaska, January, 1992. $75 donation.

Fuller Projection Air-Ocean World Dymaxion Map -- Beautiful four color poster

Our apologies to the Buckminster Fuller Institute for inadvertantly failing to include the following information next to the image of the Dymaxion™ Map:

The Buckminster Fuller Institute owns all rights to the Dymaxion™ Map design. The word Dymaxion™ and the Dymaxion™ Map design are trademarks of the Buckminster Fuller Institute. The Map is copyrighted by the Buckminster Fuller Institute, 1938, and is used here by permission.

Dymaxion™ Map

Beautiful four color poster printed on heavy-gauge paper.

Fuller Projection Air-Ocean World Dymaxion Map -- Beautiful four color poster (34 inches X 22 inches).

Promises to generate discussions in your home and office.




Two decades
ago, the late R. Buckminster Fuller
proposed interconnecting regional power
systems into a single continuous global electrical
energy grid. • While this vision is still years away, tech-
nological advances have made the linking of international and
inter regional energy networks practicable today. • Transmission
lines allow utilities to level the peaks and valleys of demand. This is
accomplished between East-West time zones, as well as North-South
seasonal variations in demand. • The origin of the energy grid initiative
emerged as the highest priority of the World Game™. Its stated purpose
is “to make the world work for 100% of humanity in the shortest possible
time through spontaneous cooperation without ecological damage or the
disadvantage of anyone.” Research reveals that these major benefits will
result from expanding electrical networks. • Increase in everyone’s stan-
dard of living • Reduction of fossil fuel demand and the resultant pollu-
tion • Relief of the population explosion • Reduction of world hunger
• Enhancement of world trade • Promotion of international
cooperation and peace • The purpose of GENI, Global
Energy Network Institute, is to educate all people,
especially world leaders, to the potential
benefits of this win-win
solution. •

"We must see the problem as a whole. We must understand and explain to all other men on our planet that the interconnection between power systems of different countries is one of the important tasks for all humanity."

Victor Yershevich, Head of Russion Delegation, Directory of Science, Energoset Project

How can I support GENI?

Updated: 2016/06/30

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