een wereldwijd elektriciteitsnet een oplossing voor veel problemen  GENI es una institución de investigación y educación-enfocada en la interconexión de rejillas de electricidad entre naciones.  ??????. ????????????????????????????????????  nous proposons la construction d’un réseau électrique reliant pays et continents basé sur les ressources renouvelables  Unser Planet ist mit einem enormen Potential an erneuerbaren Energiequellen - Da es heutzutage m` glich ist, Strom wirtschaftlich , können diese regenerativen Energiequellen einige der konventionellen betriebenen Kraftwerke ersetzen.  한국어/Korean  utilizando transmissores de alta potência em áreas remotas, e mudar a força via linha de transmissões de alta-voltagem, podemos alcançar 7000 quilómetros, conectando nações e continentes    
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Engineering peace & sustainable development

Supergrids: A Win-Win Solution for Sustainable Development Cover story for IEEE Power Engineering Review, August 1998

Dear GENI Friend,

A global strategy for peace and sustainable development demands the highest standard of proof and support. It must be tested, reviewed, corroborated and have broad consensus.

In the past year, the GENI Initiative reached this mark. The IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers) convened a panel session on The Environmental Implications of International High-Voltage Grids." Power engineers from Hydro-Quebec, the Siberian Energy Institute, the Egyptian Energy Ministry, the Manitoba HVDC Research Center, ABB and Siemens outlined existing and planned projects on every continent. This author' s presentation was also featured with the cover quote from the August '98 Power Engineering Review magazine:

SUPERGRIDS: A Win-Win Solution for Sustainable Development

Long-distance transmission is now capable of reaching far beyond political boundaries. By tapping some of the world' s abundant renewable energy resources in remote locations, we can now provide the electricity necessary for development in an environmentally sustainable manner.

You will also appreciate the enclosed article Linking Electricity for Peace which was published in The Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society. Afterwards, we received a strong endorsement from Dr. Rustom Roy, Editor in Chief of the journal. He stated,

The goal of an interconnected network for supplying renewable resource based electrical energy for the world's poorest is one of the most obvious for everyone who controls the direction of technological development. It should become the common rallying point for the world's engineers and scientists.

Endorsements for this strategy have come from pre-eminent global statesmen: Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Walter Cronkite, Nadine Gordimer, Walter Hickel, Ruud Lubbers, Wangari Maathai, Rajendra Pachauri and Desmond Tutu — and many others.

I invite you to join us in this initiative. We are working to improve the human condition through sound planning and development. It takes time, tenacity and money. The projections for population growth and energy demand are assured. We need your support to get ahead of these trends and accelerate this compelling strategy between all nations and continents.


Peter Meisen

GENI DIRECTORS AND OFFICERS: Sara Beattie, Jim Cathcart, Bobbi DePorter, Graeme Edwards, Nyhl Henson, Janathan Miller, Michael Powers, Bill Shopoff, Joanalys Smith,


GENI ADVISORS: Raghbir Basi, Len Bateman, Anthony Davis, Joe Falcon, Mike Fisher, Mark Victor Hansen, Terry Lipman, Robert Muller, Glenn Olds, Malcolm Roberts, David Steven, Marshall Thurber, Peter Wagshal

Global Endorsements for the GENI Initiative

Ragendra K. Pachauri

Interconnecting grids internationally would permit the generation and transfer of electricity at least possible cost, which would not only ensure efficient utilization of natural resources, but also provide access to tapping efficiently generated power across international boundaries. The environmental and economic benefits from this approach could have revolutionary significance.

Ragendra K. Pachauri Ph.D.
Director of Tata Energy Research Institute

Boutros Boutros-Ghali

I support with enthusiasm your initiative. While directing the Foreign Affairs of Egypt, between 1977-1991, I have advocated the integration of the electricity grids of all the African countries of the Nile River using the Nile as the infrastructure of this project. I believe, as you do, that electricity must be at the service of peace and international co-operation.

Boutros Boutros-Ghali
Former Secretary General, United Nations

Walter Cronkite

For most of my life, I was privileged to observe and report on the news that affected all of us. As a journalist, I was obliged to remain objective — telling the truth as we knew it, being fair to all.

I feel free to suggest — nay, urge — that we give serious attention to an ingenious project that could help relieve much of the danger to our civilization posed by the modern four horseman of the apocalypse: poverty, pollution and population growth, and proliferation of nuclear weapons.

Many years ago, I was honored to spend time with a true visionary of our time, Dr. R Buckminster Fuller. He preferred that I call him Bucky. This renaissance man gave us the geodesic dome, the Dymaxion map (a very accurate and unique view of our planet), synergetic mathematics and the World Game — a global simulation tool.

The answers to this provocative inquiry have given me hope. In particular, the premier solution offers the most thoughtful strategy towards peace and sustainable development that I have seen. Simply stated, the proposal is to interconnect the electrical energy networks between nations and continents, with an emphasis on tapping the abundant renewable energy resources of our planet. In today= s terms, we might call this a world wide web of electricity using green energy resources. Bucky saw this possibility decades before the rest of us.

The problems of humanity threaten each of us — yet our ignorance makes us believe that somehow we can remain immune. That just isn= t so. The critical issues we face have time frames much longer than any political term of office. These problems are interconnected, which suggests that the solutions will also be interconnected. We need more comprehensive thinking and long-range global planning. I invite you to investigate the GENI Initiative as I have. It offers hope for all humanity.

Walter Cronkite
Former CBS News Journalist

6 Questions towards Peace and Sustainable Development

  1. How do we make the world work for 100% of humanity in the shortest possible time through spontaneous cooperation without ecological damage or the disadvantage of anyone?         World Game™ purpose

    • The electrical interconnection of power networks between countries and continents, with an emphasis on tapping remote renewable energy resources.
    • A World Wide Web of Electricity tapping clean energy resources.
    • The World Game's highest priority objective (Critical Path, by Bucky Fuller)

  2. How do you define adequate quality of life — a decent living standard for all?

    A: Sufficient clean water, food, shelter, sanitation/sewage, health care, communication, transportation, education, security, economics.

  3. What is the technology that supports or enables each of the above systems to exist?

    A: Energy, specifically electrical energy.

  4. Fuller Projection Air-Ocean World Dymaxion Map -- Beautiful four color poster

    Global Energy Grid on Dymaxion™ Map The Buckminster Fuller Institute owns all rights to the Dymaxion™ Map design. The word Dymaxion™ and the Dymaxion™ Map design are trademarks of the Buckminster Fuller Institute. The Map is copyrighted by the Buckminster Fuller Institute, 1938, and is used here by permission.

  5. How do we supply electricity today?

    A: By wires, generated from either renewable or non-renewable energy sources. In the developed world, supply is abundant, but energy sources are 80% from coal, oil, gas and nuclear -- causing the majority of global pollution. 2 billion people, one-third of humanity have no electrical energy. Unfortunately, the growing economies of India, China and Southeast Asia are following the same energy strategy as the wealthy nations.

  6. How do we provide sufficient electricity for everyone in an ecologically sustainable way?

    A: First, understand that there is no energy scarcity. The renewable energies (wind, solar, hydro, geothermal, tidal and biomass) are abundant far beyond our needs -- and several are now cost competitive. So, tap renewable resources in remote sites (where they are usually found), and move the power via high-voltage transmission lines, which now can reach 7000 kilometers, connecting nations and continents.

  7. What would be the benefits of doing this?

    • Increased trade, cooperation and peace between neighboring nations.
    • Reduced pollution and toxic wastes from fossil and nuclear power generation.
    • Reduced hunger and poverty as 2 billion people will have an electrical infrastructure necessary for adequate food, water, health care and education.
    • Stabilized population as birth rates fall when energy use increases in a society.

Linking Electricity for Peace:
A Compelling Global Strategy

Bulletin of Science Technology & Society, (Vol. 17, No. 4), 1997

Graphs of each of the world's 150 nations showing their 20th-century histories of inanimate energy production per capita of their respective populations together with graphs of those countries' birthrates show without exception that the birthrates decrease at exactly the same rate that the per capita consumption of inanimate elelctrical energy increases. The world's population will stop increasing when and if the integrated world electrical grid is realized. This grid is the World Game's highest priority objective.

Critical Path, 1981, Fuller and Kuromiya

Dr. Ruud Lubbers

The GENI Initiative fits right into the more and more interdependent world. Globalization is about a more and more borderless world and the need to respond globally to the needs of mankind. To preserve our common base, the Earth, we need to join forces to generate electricity as environmentally friendly as possible. This is crucial and therefore GENI deserves support.

Dr. Ruud Lubbers
Former Prime Minister of The Netherlands (1982-94)

Desmond M. Tutu

The GENI proposals encouraging the interdependence of nations through the sharing of energy resources is most exciting. One of the obscenities of Southern Africa is to see electric power lines strung across a rural landscape overshadowing communities where women spend most of their days walking kilometers to find firewood just to survive. I would support an initiative that promotes the distribution of energy to those that are condemned to a cycle of servitude. The opportunities for co-operation and increased international understanding through the establishment of an international power grid would be substantial.

The Most Reverend Desmond M. Tutu
Archbishop Emeritus in South Africa, Nobel Peace Prize

East and West Germany connected two months after the fall of the Berlin Wall. Israel and Jordan initiated interconnections after the Washington Declaration. Now electrical inter-ties are also planned between North and South Korea and between Turkey and Iran. As former enemies tear down their walls, they are also building important economic bridges - electrical energy bridges. The reasons are many, but simply stated, the electrical interconnection of power systems offers tremendous economic and social benefit to both parties.

The linking of electrical grids between countries and across continents has proven to increase'' energy efficiency, reduce pollution, increase trade and provide the basic infrastructure of developing nations - supporting clean water, health care and refrigeration systems. And the need for these exchanges has never been greater.

According to the 1996 Annual Report from the World Resources Institute, World Bank, United Nations Environment and Development Programs, our current population of 5.7 billion will grow to 8.3 billion by 2025, 90% of this growth in the urban areas of developing countries with two-thirds living in mega-cities. increasing greenhouse gas emissions and critical water shortages. This is not the world to leave our children, and it's not sustainable. But what other choice do we have?

Over two decades ago, the United Nations and inventor, scientist and mathematician, R. Buckminster Fuller proposed interconnecting regional power system into a single, continuous world electric energy grid. The objective?

To make the world work for 100% of humanity in the shortest possible time through spontaneous cooperation without ecological damage or the disadvantage to anyone.

Why electricity? Because it is the common denominator of all societal infra-systems: food, shelter, health-care, sewage, transportation, communication, education and finance - in short, modem civilization. The goal is to deliver sufficient electrical energy for every human - and to do it sustainably.

Fifty years ago, electric power could only be efficiently transmitted 400 miles. During the 60's, breakthroughs in materials science extended this transmission distance to 1500 miles. This allowed the utilities to interconnect across time zones and compensate for variations in seasonal demand. This buying and selling of power is now common in all developed nations, as utilities desire to level the peaks and valleys of energy demand to save costs and increase reliability.

Today's technology for electrical transmission now extends thousands of miles -- far beyond any political boundaries. This allows power interchange between North and South hemispheres, as well as East and West across continents.

Unfortunately, 82% of all power generation today is non-renewable (coal, natural gas and nuclear), resulting in many of the world's environmental ills - greenhouse gases, acid rain, toxic wastes. Yet enormous potential for hydro, tidal, solar, wind and geothermal sites exists around the world. These renewable resources are site specific and oftentimes remotely located, but now are within economic transmission reach. Much of the world's abundant renewable energy potential exists in the developing countries of Latin America, Africa, and Asia. Tapping these sources of clean energy can elevate everyone's quality of life.

Not surprisingly, the United Nations in 1971 also corroborated the need to interconnect regional power grids, tapping remote renewable resources. Dr. Fuller identifies this strategy as the highest priority objective for the planet. Old Cold War politics used to suppress these international transmission projects. No longer, as enlightened self-interest is beginning to lead foreign policy.

Walter Hickel

My conclusion is that to build a new world -- to build peace -- we must literally build it. . . Two billion people live without electricity today. Show me any area in the world where there is a lack of energy, and I'll show you basic poverty. There is a direct tie-in between energy and poverty, energy and war, energy and peace... Electrical interconnections between regions -- and even continents -- can and must be tackled now. This can be a vast and visionary undertaking -- worthy of our generation.

Walter Hickel
Governor of Alaska, Chairman of Northern Forum

Eng. M. Maher Abaza

The construction of long distance transmission lines for the transport of the bulk hydroelectric energy from its distant sources is the aim of environmentalists as well as a hope for the peoples of developing countries... The revenues from the export of renewable hydro-energy would pay back the investments in the power projects and also provide financing for sustained economic and social development.

Eng. M Maher Abaza
Minister of Electricity and Energy, Egypt

Billions of dollars are presently being saved through shared power, and already some of the future demand can be met from wheeled electricity. As deregulation and privatization of utilities proceeds, many new generation options also become available, whether locally based or in neighboring countries. Savings are reflected in smaller electric bills and expanded markets for power producers - a massive win-win situation.

A key environmental question in the first world economies is the replacement choice for present polluting capacity as the economic life of these generators expires over the next few decades. As peak power generation is often purchased from a neighboring utility, the most inefficient, expensive and polluting generators can be phased out.

Today, in first world economies, end-use efficiency is the priority. On the other hand, we must remember that someone living in poverty meets her daily survival needs first, and environmental concerns later in the developing countries demand-side management is difficult when their energy requirement is increasing. As a part of the solution, efficiency improvements are vital, but not sufficient for the future growth trends.

The World Energy Council projects a doubling of primary energy demand globally in the next twenty-five years as developing countries grow, both in population and economically. The Intergovernmental Panel of Climate Change (IPCC) now confirms the greenhouse effect, which will worsen if the business as usual scenarios prevail. European insurance companies and banks have seen damage claims triple in the last decade, and they are now committed to funding renewable project. The challenge for developing nations is to bypass the old growth models and move directly into sustainable development.

The potential of power transmission technology to the developing world is immense. Exports of excess capacity can be purchased by the industrialized world, providing cheaper and cleaner power for the North, and sending needed cash to the South. For example, Maher Abaza, Egypt's Energy Minister proposes an integrated African, Middle Eastern, European network that encircles the Mediterranean Sea.

Comparative trend analysis shows striking improvements in all major societal indicators as electricity becomes available for developing societies. When food and health care systems can be sustained, infant mortality rates decrease, as do birth rates. When fewer children die from hunger related causes, fewer insurance births are required to ensure care for the elderly. Projections with statistical merit show trial the population explosion would plateau and widespread hunger would end when the energy grid is place.

In fact, research shows the energy threshold for a society moving from daily survival to decent living standards is about 2000 kWh/capita/year. (By comparison, the U.S. average is 12,000 kWh/person/year, and Europeans use half that amount.) Today, over 2 billion people in developing counties live without any electricity at all. They lead lives of misery, walking miles every day for firewood and non-potable water just to survive. What's needed today in most smaller villages are small decentralized generators that can meet basic food, water and health-care needs. Then as development demand increases, these villages can connect into the expanding grid network.

Of critical consequence for the planet, you, and I, are the energy decisions being made today by India, China and Southeast Asia. Over half the world's present 5.7 billion population lives there now, and linking renewable resources is required if we are to reduce atmospheric emissions in the future. Leading to the Earth Summit in 1992, Noel Brown of the United Nations Environmental Program called the energy grid strategy to be one of the most important opportunities to further the cause of environmental protection and sustainable development.

As a high-tech global initiative that benefits everyone, the energy grid development is ideal, and, since international cooperation is required, political tensions and fears are diminished. In Megatrends, John Naisbitt suggests that peace is enhanced when friend and foe trade with one another. Already over 50 nations are linked with neighboring countries, predominately throughout Eastern and Western Europe, North America and the Commonwealth of Independent States.

Today, we have a viable technology, that when developed to its highest potential will:

  • increase universal living standards
  • promote international cooperation and peace
  • reduce fossil fuel demand and the resultant pollution
  • relieve the population explosion
  • reduce world hunger and poverty
  • slow deforestation, topsoil loss, and the spreading of deserts
  • open new markets and enhance world trade
  • encourage energy efficiency and sustainable development

These interties transcend political differences being economically and environmentally beneficial for connected regions. Given the capital, resources and engineering expertise required, these projects could also lead the economic conversion of some industries idled by Cold War cutbacks.

Bureaucracy, selfish nationalisms and ignorance remain as barriers. Yet in building mutually beneficial power networks, these recent breakthroughs in cooperation between long-time enemies offer hope for a more peaceful and healthy world.

India — Pakistan: from Nuclear Explosions to Trading Electricity

Since their independence from Britain in 1947, India and Pakistan have fought three wars.

In 1998, these hostile neighbors crossed the nuclear threshold, causing global concern and a withdrawal of international lending. A few months later at the World Energy Conference (where GENI exhibited and promoted this specific energy option) the Pakistani Energy Minister offered to provide 2000 megawatts of power each day to India. 1999 brought the delegates together to finalize the details of price, contract duration and transmission corridors.

(World Update, Reuters, 1/26/1999)

If this historic rivalry can be overcome — we can do it anywhere!

What Can You Do?

Global and local activities are needed to accelerate the attainment of the GENI vision. Your participation can take many forms. Please contact the GENI office for more information on any of the following opportunities.

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  • Dymaxion™ Globe
    Folded from the Dymaxion™ Map, this four-color 6" globe generates conversation on global issues and solutions.

  • GENI Video:
    What if... a new global option

    This 15 minute video has been seen around the world. Designed for the general public, it's the best overview of the GENI Initiative. Introduction by John Denver.

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    Connect the World with GENI — three color shirt along with Dymaxion™ Map and Grid is guaranteed to get attention and conversation. White shirts with Map in blue and yellow, Grid and print in red.

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    A concise statement on GENI, as well as the benefits in the areas of economics, the environment, international trade and cooperation, hunger and overpopulation. This piece will explain GENI to your firends in 3 minutes.

  • GENI Video:
    A WIN-WIN Solution

    A 15 minute discussion by ten delegates who participated in the International Workshop in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada in July 1991. The consensus statement strongly corroborated the GENI initiative as very credible. It's a win-win proposal for everyone involved. Joe Falson

  • GENI Technical Package
    For the engineer and policy maker, a compendium of reports, thoughtful analysis and policy proposals from IEEE, World Bank and the United Nations. $50 donation.

Fuller Projection Air-Ocean World Dymaxion Map -- Beautiful four color poster

The Buckminster Fuller Institute owns all rights to the Dymaxion™ Map design. The word Dymaxion™ and the Dymaxion™ Map design are trademarks of the Buckminster Fuller Institute. The Map is copyrighted by the Buckminster Fuller Institute, 1938, and is used here by permission.

Dymaxion™ Map

Beautiful four color poster printed on heavy-gauge paper.

Fuller Projection Air-Ocean World Dymaxion Map -- Beautiful four color poster (34 inches X 22 inches).

Promises to generate discussions in your home and office.

GENI Mission — to accelerate the attainment of optimal, ecologically sustainable energy solutions in the shortest possible time for the peace, health and prosperity of all. GENI is a tax-exempt 501(c)(3) corporation registered in the State of California.

A compelling global strategy for peace and sustainable development.
Two decades
ago, the late R. Buckminster Fuller
proposed interconnecting regional power
systems into a single continuous global electrical
energy grid. • While this vision is still years away, tech-
nological advances have made the linking of international and
inter-regional energy networks practicable today. • Transmission
lines allow utilities to level the peaks and valleys of demand. This is
accomplished between East-West time zones, as well as North-South
seasonal variations in demand. • The origin of the energy grid initiative
emerged as the highest priority of the World Game™. Its stated purpose
is “to make the world work for 100% of humanity in the shortest possible
time through spontaneous cooperation without ecological damage or the
disadvantage of anyone.” Research reveals that these major benefits will
result from expanding electrical networks. • Increase in everyone’s stan-
dard of living • Reduction of fossil fuel demand and the resultant pollu-
tion • Relief of the population explosion • Reduction of world hunger
• Enhancement of world trade • Promotion of international
cooperation and peace • A prime goal of GENI, Global
Energy Network Institute, is to educate all people,
especially world leaders, to the potential
benefits of this global
solution. •

Scientists study the world as it is; engineers create the world that never has been.

Theodore Von Karman

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