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Europe >> Hydropower
Hydroenergy Potential in Russia
Most of the unused Russian economically exploitable hydropower potentials are
in the eastern parts of the country, but even within the European part some remarkable
potentials are left.
Small hydro energy sector is the most mature field of renewable
energy. Small rivers in Russia were widely used in the middle of last century.
Thousands of small hydro power plants (SHP) were in operation in the USSR during
the 1950s. In the subsequent years those plants were shut down and abandoned.
At present it is expedient to rehabilitate and reconstruct Russian SHP that had
Russia has accumulated great experience in using hydro
resources of small rivers. The increased interest for small hydro is caused by
the fact that in the industrially developed region in the European part of the
country there is no room left for large hydropower. Furthermore, construction
of large hydropower plants is to be agreed with environment authorities and public
which tend to react rather negatively. During the 90s the problem of manufacturing
equipment for small and micro hydropower plants was generally resolved. In Russia
hydropower units are manufactured both by major dedicated enterprises and smaller
production companies. The most effective hydro power plants are SHPs constructed
on the basis of the old ones which had been decommissioned.
purposes it is advisable to use existing small and medium water pools (there are
more than 1000 of them in Russia). SHPs are particularly important for power supplying
energy deficient regions of difficult access that cover over 40% of the Russian
territory. Construction of SHPs is economically viable in the Far East region
the development of which is hindered due to lack of power supply.
Albania | Andorra | Austria | Belarus | Belgium | Bosnia
Herzigowina | Bulgaria | Croatia | Cyprus | Czech Republic | Denmark | Estonia
| Finland | France | Germany | Greece | Hungary
| Iceland | Ireland | Italy | Latvia | Liechtenstein
| Lithuania | Luxembourg | FYR of Macedonia | Malta | FS of Moldova | Monaco |
Netherlands | Norway | Poland | Portugal | Romania | Russia | San Marino | Serbia
& Montenegro | Slovakia | Slovenia | Spain
| Sweden | Switzerland | Ukraine | United
Kingdom | Yugoslavia
Related GENI Resources
ESHA (European Small Hydropower