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Solar Energy in Russia

Russia is located between 41 and 82 degrees north latitude, and solar radiation levels on its territory vary considerably. According to estimates, the average solar radiation in the remote northern regions is 810 kWh/m2 per year whereas in the southern areas it is more than 1400 kWh/m2 per year.

Solar radiation levels also exhibit great seasonal variations. For example, at latitude of 55 degrees solar radiation is 1.69 kWh/m2 per day in January, and 11.41 kWh/m2 per day in July. Gross solar energy potential is estimated at 2,300,000 mtce, technical potential at 2,300 mtce and economic at 12.5 mtce.

Solar energy potential is greatest in the south-west (North Caucasus, the Black and Caspian Sea regions) and in Southern Siberia and the Far East. Regions with significant solar resources include: Kalmykia, Stavropol, Rostov, Krasnodar, Volgograd, Astrakhan, and other regions in the south-west, as well as Altay, Maritime, Chita, Buryatia and other regions in the south-east. In some parts of Western and Eastern Siberia and on the Far East the annual solar radiation is 1300 kWh/m2 esceeding levels in the southern regions of Russia.
For instance, in Irkutsk (52 degrees north latitude) incoming solar energy reaches 1340 kWh/m2, and in the Republic of Yakutia-Sakha (62 degrees north latitude) the figure is 1290 kWh/m2.



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