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4.4 Africa Europe Interconnection
The continued future development of the economies of the European Community member nations and others within the larger European continent will require extensive new electric energy resources. In the coming century, until a new energy resource or new energy conversion technology can be brought into production, the least expensive and most environmental sound existing forms of electricity generation will be used.

The economic advantage of importing electric power from the Inga Project on the Zaire River in comparison to operating nuclear or coal plants in Europe has been evaluated and discussed in international conferences.

The interconnection between Egypt and Zaire is a unique opportunity to examine in detail for a real case, the practical feasibility of an interconnection between systems separated by very long distances.

Egypt has already adopted the philosophy of electrical interconnections with neighbouring countries. Towards the east, Egypt/Jordan interconnection projection project is now under execution and will be followed by the interconnection of the five countries (Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Iraq, Turkey). Towards the west: Egypt/Libya interconnection project is also now under execution and is followed by Libya interconnection with Tunisia then to Morocco. Morocco will be interconnected to Spain by a submarine cable in the Gibraltar Straights while Tunisia will be interconnected to Italy by a sub-marine cable to Secily.

Thus the huge African hydroelectric energy can be transferred to the European Common Electrical Power Network via the links Egypt-Turkey, Tunisia-Italy and Morocco-Spain. This solution would represent the ecological accepted answer to Europe for the more and more pressing problem of the greenhouse effect, and would be a rightful investment for the environment protection. In fact, it would lead to a reduced use of fossil fuel for electric energy production in Europe.
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