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Wind Energy Potential in EUROPE

Map of mean 80-m wind speeds for year 2000
Map of mean 80-m wind speeds for year 2000 europe

Wind speeds are calculated at 80 m, the hub height of modern, 77-m diameter, 1500 kW turbines. Since relatively few observations are available at 80 m, the Least Square extrapolation technique is utilized and revised here to obtain estimates of wind speeds at 80 m given observed wind speeds at 10 m (widely available) and a network of sounding stations.

Tower data from the Kennedy Space Center (Florida) were used to validate the results. Globally, ~13% of all reporting stations experience annual mean wind speeds ≥ 6.9 m/s at 80 m (i.e., wind power class 3 or greater) and can therefore be considered suitable for low-cost wind power generation. This estimate is believed to be conservative.

Areas with great potential are found in Northern Europe along the North Sea.


Availability of standardized evaluations of the wind energy potential

Availability of standardized evaluations of the wind energy potetnial

Wind energy potential can not easily be shown in simple overwiew maps. The map indicates the countries for which wind energy evaluations are available. These have been carried out by means of a standardized method developped by the danish Risų Laboratory.


Wind Map of Western Europe

This wind map of Western Europe was originally published as part of the European Wind Atlas. Please note that the data for Norway, Sweden and Finland are from a later study, and are calculated for 45 m height above ground level, and assume an open plain.

The purple zones are the areas with the strongest winds while the blue zones have the weakest winds. The dividing lines between the different zones are not as sharp as they appear on the map. In reality, the areas tend to blend smoothly into one another.
You should note, however, that the colours on the map assume that the globe is round without obstacles to the wind, speed up effects , or varying roughness of the terrain. You may therefore easily find good, windy sites for wind turbines on hills and ridges in, say the yellow or green areas of the map, while you have little wind in sheltered terrain in the purple areas.



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EWEA (European Wind Energy Association)
OWE (Offshore Windenergy Europe)
Sahara Wind