is seriously lagging behind EU states and other developed countries both in the
field of development and application of wind power facilities. At present Russia
has almost no commercially operational wind power plants with capacities exceeding
10 KW that would have undergone all the required tests, production and designing
adjustment and that would be competitive with foreign wind power facilities by
technical and operational parameters.
Current Russian developments in the
field of wind power plants are comparable to similar foreign plants of the 80-s.
The 1 MW wind plant “Raduga” (developed by the design office “Raduga”) was being
created since 1988. Its experimental testing is still incomplete, and the only
such experimental plant erected in the Republic of Kolmykia basically collapsed
The 30 KW wind plant “Zhavoronok” (developed the Institute for Thermal
Engineering) was being developed since 1989. Currently there has been constructed
a pilot unit, however in terms of technical and economic parameters the plant
is 1.5-2 times less efficient than similar foreign makes. The wind power plant
“AVE-250” (developed by NPO “Yuzhnoe”, Ukraine) with capacity of 250/100 KW was
being developed since 1988.
Despite the fact that their application was banned
in Ukraine where none of dozens of plants have been put into operation due to
their practical inoperability (current repair expenditures by many times exceeded
profit gained from power generation), such plants were still being installed in
Russia until the “Yuzhmash” factory completely shut down their production and
started to manufacture licensed wind power plants (American and European). Some
companies manufacture small series of wind power stations with capacities up to
5 KW. These companies include Central Research & Development Institute “Elektropribor”
(wind power stations “UVE-500”, 500 W) and NPO “Elektrosfera” (wind power stations
of 5 KW).