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Wind Energy Potential in Azerbaijan

azerbaijan wind map

There is no installed wind energy capacity in Azerbaijan, one of the oldest oil producing countries in the world. In the last few years only small autonomous wind units were used for irrigation and lighting. The number and current operating conditions of these units is not known.

A recent project sponsored by the Ministry of Industry and Energy will include the construction of a 1 MW turbine in the Khizi District, about 100km west of Baku. That project is expected to be in operation in 2006. Built during the Soviet era, Azerbaijan's power infrastructure is generally in poor condition, with minimal public investment and maintenance since independence.

A country wide wind-atlas is available, where one main area with annual average wind speeds of more than 6 m/s were identified. The “Master Plan of Wind Power Development of the USSR till 2010”, published in 1989 included a country-level wind map. The resource potential was estimated for 30m above ground. The wind map identifies areas above "6 m/s", but there is no indication of the actual value. This value could be anywhere between 6 and 10 m/s. The wind energy resource potential of 110 x 109 kWh/y estimated in the study is probably accurate. Thus, at an average capacity factor of 25 percent, there is a total of 3,000MW of wind power capacity. Under these circumstances the technical wind energy resource potential of Azerbaijan is good.

The most promising sites are on the Apsheron Peninsula in the east along the Caspian Sea. Caspian Sea zone and the Kura River lower reaches and Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic also seem to have a good potential.



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