Over 160,000 km2 of windy land areas have been estimated to have good-to-excellent
wind resource potential. The amount of windy land is about 10% of the total land
area (1,565,000 km2) of Mongolia. This amount of windy land, using conservative
assumptions that result in about 7 MW of capacity per km2, could support over
1,100,000 MW of installed capacity, and potentially deliver over 2.5 trillion
kWh per year.
All of the aimags (regions) have at least 6,000 MW of wind
potential. Thirteen aimags have at least 20,000 MW of wind potential with 9 aimags
having greater than 50,000 MW of potential. Umnugovi aimag alone is estimated
to have over 300,000 MW of potential. Additional studies are required to more
accurately assess the wind electric potential, considering factors such as the
existing grid and accessibility.
If additional areas with moderate wind
resource potential (or good for rural-power applications) are considered, the
estimated total windy land area increases to more than 620,000 km2, or almost
40% of the total land area of Mongolia. This amount of windy land could support
over 4,300,000 MW of installed capacity and potentially deliver over 8 trillion
kWh per year. There are 15 aimags with at least 50,000 MW, 12 aimags with at least
100,000 MW, and 9 aimags with at least 200,000 MW of wind potential.