of geothermal fields
map of Republic of Macedonia
territory of the Republic of Macedonia, which is located in the middle of Balkan
Peninsula, is characterized by high geothermal activity, mostly with low-enthalpy
geothermal energy. Macedonia is situated along the very favorable geothermal zone
that starts in Hungary to the North and Italy to the West and stretches through
Greece down to Turkey.
The rise in imported oil and domestic
coal prices in the second half of the 1970’s has stimulated the search for alternatives
such as geothermal energy resources, but Macedonia is one of the minor European
countries and there has not been a systematic measurement of terrestrial heat
From the geotectonic point of view, the Serbian-Macedonian
massif is situated between the internal Dinarides and the Carpatho-Balkanides.
Although the earth’s crust can be up to 40 km thick here, some areas are very
promising for the occurrence of high-enthalpy geothermal resources. This is due
to the emplacement of numerous granite intrusions, which, during their crystallization,
supplied the surrounding rocks with an enormous amount of heat (Dimitrov and others,
1993). Within this framework, six geothermal zones, each with own particular characteristics
and potential, can be identified.
>> Geothermal Energy Resources and Their Use in the Republice of Macedonia