flow map (mW/m2) of Serbia
of major thermal springs and wells of Serbia (1 - balneology, 2 - balneology,
space heating, agriculture, 3 -not used)
of major convective type geothermal systems in Serbia
of granitoid intrusion potential of HDR locations
Within the territory of Serbia, excluding the Pannonian Basin, i.e. the terrain
comprising solid rocks, there are 159 natural thermal springs with temperatures
over 15 oC. The warmest springs (96 oC) are in Vranjska Banja, followed by Josanicka
Banja (78 oC), Sijarinska Banja (72 oC) Kursumlijska Banja (68 oC), Novopazarska
Banja (54 oC).
The total flow of all natural springs is about 4000 l/s. The
highest flows are from thermal springs draining Mesozoic karstified limestones,
and the next highest are those from Tertiary granitoids and volcanic rocks. The
greatest number of thermal springs are in the Dinarides, then the Carpatho-Balkanides,
the Serbian- Macedonian Massif, and the lowest, only one in each, the Pannonian
Basin and the Mesian Platform.
As to their elevation, the greatest number
of thermal springs are within the range 200-300 m. More than 90% of all thermal
springs are at elevations below 600 m.
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