resources of Russia
marked parts define low-enthalpy geothermal resources, while red marked parts
– high-enthalpy geothermal resources)
Russia is well known not only for
its huge resources of solid fuel but also for its large heat reserves. Heat reserves
with the temperature of between 30-40 0Ñ can be found in several regions of Russia
and some parts of it are known for geothermal reserves with the temperature of
up to 300 0C.
The territory of Russia is well investigated and major heat
resources have been already discovered, having large industrial and generating
power capacity. Geothermal resources with temperatures above 20-25°C may be considered
promising and profitable for energy supply of some remote regions and national
housing sector because today there are heat pumps and systems that produce heat
carriers with temperatures of 80-90°C and above. Therefore, geothermal energy
may be effectively used for heat supply of cities, settlements and standalone
complexes on 75-80% of the total Russian territory. Over 3 000 wells have been
drilled in Russia in order to take advantage of its geothermal resources.
1983 a map of thermal water resources of USSR was prepared. Forty seven geothermal
fields with the capacity over 240õ103 ì3/day and two-phase fluid fields with the
capacity 105õ103 ì3/day had been explored on the territory of Russia.
>> Geothermal Resources for local Heat and power supply in Russia